For the past few years, the jewelry against the evil eye with a pattern of eye blue make their big comeback in the fashion world
However, this style of jewelry has existed for several hundreds of years in Turkey and in Greece.
How to explain such a passion for this pattern yet so old ?
The current popularity of the jewelry blue eye is explained by their primary function in the Mediterranean culture.
In fact, behind this aesthetic hides a specific use : before to be a piece of jewelry, its main purpose has been to protect its wearer from the curse of the “ evil eye ”.
What is the superstition of the “evil eye” ?
First of all, it is good to remind what is the superstition of the “evil eye”.
The evil eye is a curse cast by the gaze of a person envious, in order to cut down the mishap on the person.
This belief, very present in Islam and Judaism, known to many followers throughout the mediterranean basin. The important influence of the former Ottoman Empire, in particular, has contributed to the spread of the legend of the evil eye in multiple ports in the mediterranean between the Fourteenth and the Nineteenth century.
It is therefore quite natural that the people of Turks and Greeks have adopted protective measures to fend off the evil by resorting to rituals or incantations.
The form of protection the most popular to deflect the curse remains the talisman eye blue, also known as “Nazar Boncuk” or “look Greek”.
Its purpose is to enable counter the curse pre-emptively, because in most cultures, when the “evil eye” is projected, the person concerned may not be aware of the evil that is desired.
In its design and in its original form, the “Nazar Boncuk” has easily managed to establish itself as a symbol.
This talisman takes the form of an eye and would push more easily the spell, as well as to protect the property of the person who wears it.
The “Nazar Boncuk” is composed of a disk of glass in the form of a droplet, respectively assembled on the basis of four concentric circles ranging from dark blue to black, passing through white and light blue.
This symbol is usually found hanging above doorways, on walls of houses, or in cars.
If "the blue eye" is broken, then he has fulfilled his contract, he has "pushed the wrong". It is then necessary to quickly replace it under penalty of exposing themselves to a new curse.
How the tradition of the “Nazar Boncuk” was adapted into jewelry ?
The talisman “Nazar Boncuk” has adapted to the change of time, bringing to its protective role in parentheses in order to become a jewel with its style as a whole.
This is notably due to the fact that the peoples of the mediterranean entered a period of peace prosperous, which enabled them to soften their way of life.
Mentalities evolved at the same time that the culture and the art, throughout the mediterranean basin, and people began to buy items for their aesthetic side.
There is a proliferation of the trade of products and luxury items such as silk clothes and jewelry.
This allowed a rapid development of the jewelry and especially the expertise of the craftsmen jewellers.
This change was made after very long change of manners, who gave the time to the jewelers to rework the design.
And the talisman blue eye has become a style piece of unique jewelrythat is appreciated by the peoples of the mediterranean.
The steps of the creation of the jewel eye blue contemporary
The jewel talisman blue eyes appeared for the first time in Turkey in the form of a pendant, rudimentary as it is in this region that the belief in the legend of the evil eye was the strongest.
The peoples the ottomans created these pendants by rolling wire fishing around talismans “Nazar Boncuk” to be able to wear it around his neck, in order to protect themselves personally from the evil eye.
Seeing the popularity of this practice, the jewelers of Anatolia had the idea to give the jewel a more aesthetic, creating pendants worked with the motif of the eye of Nazar. It was immediately a huge success in all the empire, to such a point that Kösem, one of the most powerful women of the ottoman history, the leader is unofficial the Ottoman empire, began to own more.
Due to the magnitude of this phenomenon, many different variants of the jewelry blue eyes arose, earrings, rings, bracelets as well as the famous necklace blue eye.
The diversification of the jewel led to a proliferation of styles. His feminine side became progressively.
Greek women in particular, were quickly conquered by the style of unusual these jewelry blue eye inspired by the “Nazar Boncuk”, a pattern already famous in their country.
The key to its popularity was its double use as it was at the time seen as a jewel of aesthetics and a talisman of protection.
The success of the jewel eye blue spread then among the neighbouring peoples of the Ottoman empire, with its commercial and cultural influence.
These peoples were conquered by the beauty of this new style of jewelry. First, it was the case for the muslim countries of the Maghreb, and the Arabian peninsula. More and more people began to wear jewelry eye blue, and in a few decades, this new jewel had spread throughout the mediterranean basin.
They were successfully sold by the marine Ottomans, because of their close religious and cultural with the peoples concerned.
Jewelry blue eyes were then imported into the northern countries of the Mediterranean thanks to the commercial activities of Greek and Turkish, But in these parts, they were more appreciated for their aesthetic side than mystic.
Fashion jewelry blue eyes in our time
But how this trend has she been able to cross the Mediterranean sea to impose on a global scale ?
In Europe, in the years 60-70, the peaceful country will develop a cultural policy and artistic intensity, and we are rediscovering our ancient heritage. Even the film grabs hold of the ancient times with success (success in world movies Spartacus or Ben Hur).
The western peoples began to look more closely to the art and to the Greek customs. And then, of influential fashion designers of europeans began to include models inspired jewelry ancient greeks in their collections.
This large-scale exhibition has allowed the jewelry blue eyes to democratize widely in the world of fashion. It will be recalled that they were the inspiration of creations very noticed during the Fashion Week in Paris, in 2018.
The ultimate consecration of jewelry blue eyes was the work of the jewellery French Ariane Chaumeil, who joined in its Spring / Summer collection 2018. In collaboration with the famous fashion designer Greek Paris Valtadoros, she was inspired by the blue eye of Crete and allowed this style to reach the highest echelons of the fashion world.
We see therefore that in the course of history, the reason blue eyes has first influenced the art of the jewellery of the mediterranean based on the superstition of the evil eye. Thanks to their talisman, the jewellery blue eyes quickly spread in all the mediterranean civilizations. And then, much more recently, and particularly through the influence of jewellers contemporary the retravaillèrent, jewelry blue eyes have entered the world of international fashion, and have gained popularity on the planet as a whole.